Education is the basis of progress of any society.
Education is what changes a human into an intellectual human. India is well known in the world for its ancient education regime. The Education system in India has been existed since the ancient time.
There were glorious universities like Takshila, Nalanda, Vikramashila established where people from other countries used to come for getting education. Even despite of foreign invasions, the education system of India has become more exuberant. However, there came a time when the Britishers enslaved India and they used education system of India to fulfill their own interests. But now, more than 70 years of independence of India have been passed. Today India has a proper Educational System which aims to reach the new heights in Indian History. But there are still some challenges occur in India’s Education System which prevent India from achieving this goal.
In this article, we will discuss these challenges and try to know that how they can be resolved?
1). The first challenge is about the quality of education in India which is not up to the mark hitherto. Indian Education System lacks of high quality and good standard. Certainly, it is very important to have a good quality in education. Quality means that education is capable of bringing the qualitative changes in a student’s life.
Qualitative education is appropriately identified when a person is able to take benefits from it in his daily life. Education affects both mind and behavior of a person. If there is a good standard in education, there will be more chances of nation’s progress.
To raise the quality of India Educational System, we need to include each and every aspect in the education which affects children’s behavior. We ought to include human values, ethical values, morality, discipline, research, skills, innovation and other life’s goodness in education.
We need to connect education with skill development; including this will be helpful in developing the all-round personality of children. After all, the importance of good education is only when we can make our children all rounders.
2). The second challenge or problem is, there are an insufficiency of good teachers in India. According to a report, India’s student-teacher ratio turned out to be the lowest among 8 countries compared. Along with, teachers who are available not found to be fully qualified for teaching. This is a very serious issue in context of Indian Education.
To resolve it, the government should devise a criteria so that teachers of lesser ability should not be taken. But, when there is a need to implement this criteria strictly, there is also a need to give some exemption from this criteria in the case of need. Because there are many youths in India who want to come in the field of teaching but despite of having all qualifications, they are not allowed to come due to lack of a particular degree or certificate.
Government should allow these youths to come in the field of teaching. They can contribute better in education field. We should not judge a person’s skill by particular degree or certificate. Talent doesn’t require any degree. But yes, government should make compulsory of demo or interview round for every teacher who wants to come in teaching so that their teaching skill can be tested. By allowing youths in teaching, not only they will get employment, but children also may take avail of learning by good teachers.
3). Thirdly, the lack of good infrastructure is also a major challenge in the field of Indian Education. Even today, children in remote areas of India are not able to go to school because school is either not available or the roads to reach there are in very bad position. Also, the condition of the schools which are available is very poor. There are also lack of good management of furniture, black boards, computers, water system, toilets and other things.
It is very important to improve this situation because it discourages children from going school, especially girls have to bear the burnt of it. Government needs to spend more on infrastructure. Corporate companies too should come forward to improve the infrastructure situation. They can contribute better in this area. Even this is their liability under the Corporate Social Responsibility.
However, many corporate companies are active in this direction like Tata Group, ITC Founder, Azim Premji Foundation and more. Government should make it mandatory for these companies to spend money on education sector among all sectors.
4). There is a new emerging challenge which is coming in front of us, is about Privatisation of the Education. Privatization of Education has some own advantages and disadvantages. The biggest advantage of Privatization in Education is that, it improves the quality of education, infrastructure and other management.
On the other hand, the disadvantage is that, because of privatisation, education is becoming very expensive day by day. Today almost every parent of India wants to put their children in private schools because private schools pay more attention to the all round development of children. Private Schools provide qualitative education to the children. Private Schools are better than government schools in many aspects. This is the reason that private school’s children are more capable to grab the opportunities while government school’s children are not capable to do this despite of being talented.
But the main question arises as, to which extent privatization should be allowed in education sector. Because private sector is driven more by their economic gains, that is why they charge a high fee for providing education. Under the fundamental rights of India, the government provides free education for children from 6 to 14 years. But private schools do not provide this opportunity to all poor children. In such a situation, the government should pressurize private schools to take admission of poor children and stop them from being arbitrary.
Along with this, it is very necessary to improve the condition of government schools. The government should provide more financial support to the government schools so that they can improve and can match the standard of private schools.
5). The fifth problem in Indian Education System is about choosing particular stream. There are 4th major streams under the intermediate schools of Indian Education System like Commerce Stream, Science Stream (PCB), Humanities and Maths Stream (PCM). In this system, a student can choose only one stream at a time. For example, Maths and Humanities can not be taken together. Many students have interest in both streams but they have to compromise in this situation.
Education department should pay attention for this situation. To resolve this problem, one or two subjects can be kept optional along with taking a particular stream. Like for the students who choose Science or Maths Stream, can also take one subject from Humanities like Arts, Music, Psychology, Sociology etc. This will help in getting out the artistic side of students along with the technical side. Development of both sides is essential for growing the personality of any child.
6). One more problem in the education of India is, having interference of politics in the field of education. How much should be the budget of education has become a political issue now. But regardless of all this, we can’t ignore that there is need to increase expenditure on the education.
Where developed countries like United Kingdom, Germany, Norway, France, USA, Canada spend around 5% to 7% of their GDP on education while India spends only 3% of its GDP on their education. Government necessarily should spends more money on education. Along with this, there is also a need to bring education into the mainstream, unfortunately even after so many years of independence, education has not been mainstreamed hitherto.
On top of everything, children are the future of the nation and education works as giving appropriate guidance to the children. Hence, it is the need of hour that education must be according to the requirement of present time, so that every child can be successful in bringing the desired future of our nation.
Article by— PRATEEKSHA RISEN